A water turbine is a device that converts the energy of flowing or falling water into mechanical energy, which is then used to generate electricity or perform other types of mechanical work. There are various types of water turbines, but the basic mechanism involves the following components and processes:

Water Source:



Turbine Runner:

Runner Shaft:


Electricity Generation:

  1. Tailrace:

The efficiency of a water turbine system depends on various factors, including the design of the turbine, the characteristics of the water flow, and the overall system configuration. Water turbines play a significant role in hydropower generation, providing a renewable and clean source of electricity. They are used in hydroelectric power plants of different scales, ranging from small-scale installations to large dams.